As the mercury dips to single digits across North India including National Capital Regions, extreme winter chill are increasing the risk of brain stroke, migraine and joint problems.
Rise in Joint Problems
According to Dr. Raju Vaishya, Senior Consultant Orthopaedic & Joint Replacement Surgeon at Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals, New Delhi , During winter, increase in neck pain, back ache, inflammation and other mobility issues do occur in most arthritis patients as the mercury goes down; in fact, they become more likely to experience osteoarthritis. It is a complex interplay of several factors which makes winters all the more difficult for people with arthritic knees, shoulders, or hip joints.
Rise in Brain Stroke
According to Dr. Rahul Gupta, Senior Spine and Neuro Surgeon associated with Fortis HealthCare , the number of brain strokes increases by three fold in the winter. Td the cold-weather constriction of the arteries can also increase people’s blood pressure and their risk for stroke. Those with high blood pressure should take extra precautions when dressing for freezing temperatures. For older people, potentially harmful effects of the cold can be even more serious.
Rise in neurological conditions
In the winter months, some people with neurological conditions can have extra cold-related neurological problems, such as heightened nerve pain when the temperature gets low. Dr. Rahul Gupta suggests that people with certain neurological conditions may have extra reasons to avoid the cold, such as-Nerve pain, back pain, trigeminal neuralgia, Muscle stiffness & Loss of sensation.
Rise in Headaches in Children
According to Dr. Dr. Murtaza Kamal of Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, VMMC & Safdarjung Hospital, New delhi , during extreme cold weather, the likelihood of children getting headaches goes up by 15-20%. This happens especially in those children who are prone to migraine. Younger children , may not be able to express and may manifest in other ways like become jittery and irritable and may have problem in sleeping and eating .
Rise in ENT Problems
“Extreme weather conditions act on nerves that are especially sensitive, in much the same way that loud noises or very harsh odours do. This especially affects children who get frequent headaches due to hereditary reasons, in the form of migraine. In addition, this is the time when children are prone to viral infections and ENT problems. Cold-stimulus headaches are more common than imagined, especially since children are less likely to protect extremities like the head and ears. The changes in air pressure, increased glare from the sun when it is out, and cold winds can all trigger the problem, says Dr. Sandeep Sindhu, Senior ENT Expert at Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals, New Delhi .