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Most epilepsy cases can be treated

Despite so many therapeutic options being available a large number of epilepsy patients continue to be untreated and hence are unable to lead a normal life. It is estimated that there are about 10 million people with epilepsy in India but only small percentage of patients are adequately treated. Informs Dr Kaustubh Mahajan, Consultant Neurologist, Holy Family Hospital, Bandra, Mumbai, “Epilepsy is quite a serious problem in India. People should understand that it is a treatable disease.  In 30% of cases that we see is caused by infections in the brain like tuberculosis which is completely curable and in another 60% cases the seizures can be completely controlled.” Every year globally February 12 is observed as International Epilepsy Day.

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Epileptic seizures often occur without a warning however, some people may have an aura about the seizure before its occur. The causes for epilepsy may be varied from person to person. Seizures, anxiety, blank stares, headaches, sleepiness, staring spells, or temporary paralysis after a seizure is commonly seen in epilepsy.” says Dr. Kavita Barhate, Consultant Neurologist Dr Barhate’s Neurology clinic, Dombivali, Mumbai.

As per the estimates, 1 out of every 100-200 person in India, suffers from epilepsy, yet most of us have only a hazy idea of what it is. The major problem with epilepsy in our country is late detection. By the time the severity is gauged, the patient would have become an adult. Early detection is a must as it can lead to complete cure. Proper understanding of the causes and risk factor of epilepsy are essential for effective management of epilepsy in India, where majority of patients are still untreated or inadequately treated

Epilepsy is a medical disorder in which person has the tendency to throw repeated fits or seizures. Seizures occur because of sudden, uncontrolled electrical activity in the brain. It is amongst the most common neurological conditions. The causes of epilepsy can be many which include brain infections, birth injury, tumors, trauma, congenital malformations, genetic and many others.

Seizures are dangerous. It can lead to accidents and other occupational hazards, depending on the types of work. It poses a huge risk, especially those who work at high-rise buildings or near water which could lead to drowning.

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