Organic farming in India

Despite several challenges faced by farmers to bring additional area under natural farming, the organic food market in India is likely to treble in four years. A study jointly conducted by industry body Assocham and private research firm TechSci Research show the organic food market in India is estimated to jump to $1.36 billion by 2020. The organic food market in India stood at $0.36 billion in 2014 and $0.50 billion in 2015, with pulses and foodgrains taking a lion’s share in the entire market size of organic food.


However, Indian agronomists are still sceptical about the sustainability of growth in the future due to lack of awareness about organic farming, branding and promotion for higher realization. Although some focus on organic farming has been paid of late, it requires huge impetus from the state governments to encourage farmers to focus on it in India.

Many state governments attempted to promote organic farming but the efforts went vain.  Sikkim was the flagbearer of the movement, having first adopted 100% organic farming policy in the early nineties. But the state reported a decline in agriculture production in less than a decade.  Foodgrains production declined to 102,000 tonnes by 2013-14 and further to less than 100,000 tonnes thereafter from the level of 134,000 tonnes in 1995-96.

The current certified area under organic farming in Punjab is estimated at a negligible 2000 acres despite its potential to fetch 10 times more value than chemical and fertilized used food items. But as the population continues to grow, organic food may not prove sufficient to feed every mouth especially.

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