Precision agronomics refers to the combination of farming methodologies with technology. It’s about providing more accurate farming techniques for planting and growing crops. The concept was born in the 1990s and a recent study by Hexa Reports suggests precision agronomics is set to grow to $43.4 billion by 2025. It mainly involves the following elements:
Variable Rate Technology (VRT)
Any technology that enables the variable application of inputs and allows farmers to control the amount of inputs they apply in a specific location can be referred as VRT. A computer, software, a controller and a differential global positioning system (DGPS) are the basic components of this technology. Map-based, sensor-based and manual are the three basic approaches to using VRT. The adoption of variable rate technology is currently estimated at 15% in North America.
GPS Soil Sampling:
To make informed and profitable decisions, it is important to test a field’s soil reveals available nutrients, pH level, and a range of other data. In a nutshell, soil sampling allows growers to consider productivity differences within a field and formulate a plan that takes these differences into account. The data will be allowed to be used for input for variable rate applications for optimizing seeding and fertilizer by collection and sampling services that are worth the effort.
Profitability, efficiency, and sustainability while protecting the environment is the primary aim of precision agriculture and precision agronomics. Technological advancements and the adoption of other broader technologies has mainstreamed the practice over the past decade which has otherwise been around for more than 25 years. More than 50% of today’s farmers use at least one precision farming practice and the road ahead only looks better.