The biotechnology used to create genetically modified organisms (GMO) is critical in food technology. A GMO is a genetically engineered thing to have certain traits, like herbicide resistance, pest resistance, and increased nutritional value. To increase yield productivity to feed more people, there are crops in development that are genetically modified to grow in habitats besides their native ones. Let’s take a look at some of its benefits in detail.
Using resources efficiently
While some GMO corn crops can protect harvests in water-limited conditions better than conventionally produced crops, other GMOs can also promote the use of no-till farming, keeping more moisture in the soil. No-till also enables farmers to make fewer passes through the field using machinery, ensuring less fuel usage and greenhouse gases emission.
Fighting pests and diseases
Scientists are developing crops that are resistant to insects and plant-specific diseases that can impact a farmer’s harvest but look and taste the same as their non-GMO counterparts. Plants with traits that protect roots from insect damage use water more efficiently.
Conserving natural habitats
By helping the farmers make the most of their existing arable land, GMO seeds can help farmers around the world meet the increasing demand for food. This will also enable them to preserve nearby habitats.
With adequate research, GMOs can be safely commercialized. There are many experimental variations for expression and control of engineered genes that can be applied to minimize potential risks and some of these practices are already necessary as a result of new legislation.