According to a study in 2014, India is still one of the top three destinations for medical tourism in Asia. The present government has started a lot of initiatives for healthcare assistance to every citizen and reduce in the healthcare expenses with the help of state governments.
A campaign was launched by the government in 2014 to make India an open defecation free country by 2019. Under the initiative, the government provided financial assistance to build toilets in households and made more than 80 lakhs public toilets. As a result, Sikkim, Himachal Pradesh, and Kerala became the first three open defecations free state of India.
The government’s flagship initiative Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan started in 2015 to make India clean. There was also a Swachh Bharat Cess (SBS) imposed to finance and promote Swachh Bharat initiatives of the government. During fiscal 2015-16, the government raised INR 3,901.76 crore.
In a bid to strengthen India’s healthcare system, the government launched new National Health Policy (NHP) in 2017. It aims to increase the public health expenditure by 2.5 percent of the GDP from the current 2 percent GDP spending on healthcare. It also seeks to increase the use of public health facilities by 50% from current levels by 2025.
The government is also making efforts to make digitalize healthcare with E-Health for better efficiency. It launched an app called eHospital to reduce the burden of registration and other formalities needed at hospitals before treatment and check-up.