Human organs need a constant supply of blood for proper functioning. A weak perfusion in our body could lead to artery diseases, thrombosis and other coronary diseases. Perfusion here means transference of blood through the network of tissues or the circulatory system to the blood capillaries in the organs and tissues.
Heart transplantation has evolved into the treatment of choice for many people with severe heart failure who have severe symptoms despite receiving maximum medical attention. As a result of improvements in treatments that suppress the immune system and prevent infection, survival among cardiac transplant recipients has improved.
Warm perfusion is a new process that can keep a heart beating and lungs “breathing” while allowing doctors to assess and treat organs to make them last longer and the Warm Blood Perfusion System is a portable machine which allows the organ to be carried over long distances while in living condition for the increased amount of time. This feasibility allows surgeons to find an effective way to make it work for the body it will be donated to while assessing and understanding how the organ functions.
Despite an increasing number of potential recipients, the number of heart donors has reached a plateau. As opposed to a 50,000 candidates up for transplantation, only 5000 cardiac transplants occur each year around the world. This critical organ shortage means that healthcare providers must strictly evaluate who should receive a heart transplant.
The old process of preserving the organs in a cold solution and transporting in coolers to the receiving patient in need can cause damage to the heart and in some cases render it unusable. This is where the perfusion system comes in the picture.